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Three Gorges,The Golden River,The Biggest Dam tours



Three Gorges,The Golden River,The Biggest Dam
Wuhan City
Wuhan is the capital of Hubei Province including three major cities as Hankou, Hanyang and Wuchang. It is the eastern starting point of the upstream Yangtze River cruise and with a population of 7.16 million, it is the important industrial, financial, commercial and educational center in the central part of China. It also plays a key role as a transportation hub with railway, waterway and highway.

Yellow Crane Tower

Yellow Crane Tower, located on Snake Hill in Wuchang, is one of the "Three Famous Towers South of Yangtze River (the other two: Yueyang Tower in Hunan and Tengwang Tower in Jiangxi).

Legend goes that here used to be a wine-shop opened by a young man surnamed Xin. One day, a Taoist priest, in order to thank the man for his favor of free wine, drew a magic crane on the wall and told it to dance on hearing claps. Since then, thousands of people came to see the spectacle and the wine shop was always full of guests. After 10 years, when the Taoist priest”®s revisit the wine shop, he played the flute and then rode on the crane to the sky. In order to memorize the supernatural encounter and the priest, the Xins built a tower here named Yellow Crane Tower.

According to records, the tower was first built in 223 A.D during the Three Kingdoms period (220-280). After completion, the tower once served as a gathering place for celebrities and poets to make merry and compose poetry. It was estimated that up to the Tongzhi Reign of the Qing dynasty, as many as 300 poems about the tower had been found in the historical literature, in which "Yellow Crane Tower" wrote by Cui Hao, a famous poet of Tang dynasty (618-907) made the tower well known throughout China.

Destroyed many times in successive dynasties, the tower was rebuilt time and again until 100 years ago when it was for the last time reduced to ashes. The present tower is the result of four years of construction beginning in 1981. The tower, 51.4 meters high, is five-storied with yellow tiles and red pillars, overlapping ridges and interlocking eaves, more magnificent than the old one. The ground floor of the new is 20 meters wide in each side and the old tower is only 15 meters wide. Therefore we can say that Yellow Crane Tower has been reconstructed instead of being renovated.

Now, the tower has already been regarded as the symbol of Wuhan city.

Yangtze River Bridge

Wuchang and Hanyang are linked by this great bridge - it”®s more than 1100m long and 80m high. The completion of the bridge in 1957 marked one of Communist China”®s first great engineering achievements, because until then all road and rail traffic had to be laboriously ferried across the river. A second Trans-Yangtze bridge in northern Wuhan was completed in mid-1995.

Dong Po Red Cliff

On the north bank of the Yangzi, just west of Huangzhou city, is the Red Cliff of Su Dongpo. On its summit are pavilions and halls dedicated to one of China”®s great poets, Su Dongpo (1037-1101). Having passed the imperial examinations at the young age of 20, he held various important scholarly posts in the Northern Song capital of Kaifeng but fell from grace when he criticized new law reforms. After arrest and imprisonment, he was demoted to the status of assistant commissioner to the Huangzhou militia. He lived in considerable hardship with his household of 20 members, tilling a few acres of land himself.

The Red Cliff became one of his favourite haunts, and he and his guests, boating beneath the cliff, would compose poetry, drink wine, admire the moon and carouse all night long. In the Qing dynasty (I 644-191 1) this cliff was named Dongpo Red Cliff to distinguish it from the other Red Cliff that was the scene of a battle in the Three Kingdoms period (see page 93). The Qing-dynasty halls contain examples of Su Dongpo”®s beautiful